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222                 HISTORY OF PERSIA                 CHAP.
Nicolo Crespo, the Duke of the Archipelago, among
whose sons-in-law was Caterino Zeno, a merchant-prince
of Venice; he was selected to visit the Court of the
"White Sheep" and to persuade its monarch to attack
Mohamed II., the conqueror of Constantinople.
Caterino Zeno was most kindly received at the Court
of Uzun Hasan, where his relationship with the Queen
made everything smooth, and the monarch was persuaded
without great difficulty to attack the Ottoman Empire in
conjunction with the fleets of Venice, which were operating
on the coast of Armenia. In A.D. 1472 hostilities were
opened and a horde of light horsemen ravaged Asia
Minor, but a flying column under Mustafa, a son of the
Sultan, defeated a Persian army. In the following year
a powerful army of the Osmanlis invaded Persia, but
being repulsed in a desperate attempt to cross the
Euphrates retired, and Uzun Hasan, who had pursued,
was in turn defeated and forced to retreat with heavy
loss. After this, Caterino Zeno was sent as an ambassador
from Uzun Hasan to rouse the princes of Christendom,
and Josafa Barbaro took his place, but, not receiving
support from Europe, Uzun Hasan wisely made no second
attack on the formidable Ottoman power.
The Rise of the Shaybanid Dynasty.óJuji, son of
Chengiz Khan, has been referred to at the beginning of
Chapter LVL His fifth son, Shayban by name, who
accompanied Batu into Hungary in A.D. 1240, was granted
an appanage between the Ural Mountains and the rivers
Ilek and Irghiz, where his descendants multiplied. Coming
down to the fifteenth century of the Christian era, we
find among his descendants a certain Abul Khayr, who
overran Khwarazm and Turkestan. His son was Mohamed
Shaybani, known also as Shahi Beg Khan, almost the last
great warrior of his race, who, after serving Sultan Ahmad,
finally overthrew the last princes of the line of Tamerlane
by the capture of Herat from the two sons of Sultan
Husayn in A.H. 913 (1507). He founded the Uzbeg
kingdom which has lasted down to the present day, the
Amir of Bokhara and the Khan of Khiva both being
lineal descendants of Shayban.